DANI 1081 | 01.07.2020.

Piše:

2. Simbolizacija

25 godina

Deset faza genocida

2. Simbolizacija

Dr. Gregory Stanton: We give names or other symbols to the classifications. We name people “Jews” or “Gypsies,” or distinguish them by colors or dress; and apply the symbols to members of groups. Classification and symbolization are universally human and do not necessarily result in genocide unless they lead to dehumanization. When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups: the yellow star for Jews under Nazi rule, the blue scarf for people from the Eastern Zone in Khmer Rouge Cambodia. To combat symbolization, hate symbols can be legally forbidden (swastikas in Germany) as can hate speech. Group marking like gang clothing or tribal scarring can be outlawed, as well. The problem is that legal limitations will fail if unsupported by popular cultural enforcement. Though Hutu and Tutsi were forbidden words in Burundi until the 1980’s, code words replaced them. If widely supported, however, denial of symbolization can be powerful, as it was in Bulgaria, where the government refused to supply enough yellow badges and at least eighty percent of Jews did not wear them, depriving the yellow star of its significance as a Nazi symbol for Jews

Dr. Gregory Stanton: “Klasifikacijama dajemo imena ili druge simbole. Ljude nazovemo ‘Židovi’ ili ‘Cigani’ ili ih razlikujemo po boji ili odjeći; pa simbole primijenimo na članove grupa. Klasifikacija i simbolizacija univerzalno su ljudski i ne moraju nužno rezultirati genocidom, osim ako ne dovedu do dehumanizacije. U kombinaciji s mržnjom, simboli se mogu nametnuti nespremnim članovima neželjenih skupina: žuta zvijezda za Židove pod nacističkom vlašću, plavi šal za ljude u istočnoj zoni Kambodže u vrijeme Crvenih Kmera.
U borbi protiv simbolizacije, mogu se zakonski zabraniti simboli mržnje (svastika u Njemačkoj), kao i govor mržnje. Obilježja grupe kao uniforme bandi ili plemenski ožiljci mogu također biti zabranjeni.
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